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Jumat, 01 April 2011

Antanan or Pegagan (Centella asiatica)

 
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Spermatophyta
Class: Dicotyledone
Order: Umbillales
Familia: Umbilliferae (Apiaceae)
Genus: Centella
Species: C. Hydrocotyle asiatica asiatica & 

Pegagan (Centella asiatica)  
It is very often  considered as a plant pest in rice fields rather wet, so this plant is only in the cast or in the exhaust, but it turns out these plants can serve as a powerful drug. Medicinal plants originated from tropical Asia region, spread across southeast Asia, including Indonesia, India, People's Republic of China, Japan and Australia and then spread to various other countries. Commonly known name for this medicinal plant Centella asiatica is a leaf other than the horse's legs and Antanan.
Since time immemorial, gotu kola has been used for medicinal skin, nervous disorders and improve blood circulation. West Java community recognize this plant as one of the plant for vegetables. 

Local Name
Pegaga (Aceh), leaves hooves (Malay), antanan (Sunda), Gagan, Gagan, Rendeng (Java), taidah (Bali) sandanan (Irian) broken copper coin, buabok (UK), paardevoet (Netherlands), gotu kola (India), ji xue cao (Simplified)

Type of Centella asiatica
Centella asiatica is an annual herb that grows plants and flowers spread throughout the year. Plants will flourish if the land and the environment is suitable to be used as pennutup soil. Type of Centella asiatica Centella asiatica is often found is the red and green Indian pennywort. Centella asiatica, also known as red antanan antanan rock garden or as many found in the rocks, dry and open. Medicinal plants growing vine with red Pegagan stolon (geragih) and has no stem, but have rhizoma (rhizome short). While green gotu kola is often found in many areas paddies and grass on the sidelines. Place a green that is preferred by kola rather damp places and open or slightly shaded. In addition, plants like Centella asiatica or antanan there are four kinds of flowers antanan, antanan beurit, antanan antanan mountains and water. 

Contents
Centella asiatica is simplisianya known as Centella Herba contains asiaticoside, thankuniside, isothankuniside, madecassoside, brahmoside, brahmic acid, brahminoside, madasiatic acid, meso-inositol, centelloside, carotenoids, hydrocotylin, vellarine, tannins and mineral salts such as potassium, sodium, magnesium , calcium and iron. Allegedly triterpenoida glycoside called asiaticoside is antilepra and wound healing is remarkable. Substance vellarine is giving a bitter taste. 

Nature and Benefits
Medicinal plant Centella asiatica taste sweet, be cool, has the function of cleaning the blood, blood circulation, peluruh urine (diuretic), fever (antipiretika), stop the bleeding (haemostatika), increased neural memory, anti-bacterial, tonic, antispasma, antiinflammatory, hypotensive , insecticides, allergy and stimulants. Saponin which is inhibiting the production of excessive scar tissue (keloids inhibit)
Other gotu kola benefits of improving blood circulation to the arms and legs; prevent varicose veins and wrong; improve memory, mental and stamina, and decreased symptoms of stress and depression. Centella asiatica on research in rsu dr.soetomo surabaya can be used to lower blood pressure, not decrease drastically, so suitable for elderly patients. 

Processing
Most of Centella asiatica fresh vegetables are consumed, but there are dried to be used as tea, take capsules or extract to be processed into a cream, ointment, acne medication, and body lotion.
 

Source: wikipedia.org

1 komentar:

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    BalasHapus

 
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